The commission had a chairman and five members
Council of India A 12-member Council of India was formed with some Indian members. 13. Increase the power of the Secretary of State for India. The power of the Indian Secretary is enhanced by this Act and its effect
He was called the "Great Mughal of the White Hall"
Hall). The White House in Britain was the office of the Indian Secretary. 14. Formation of Statutory Commission: The Government of India Act of 1919 states that/ After a year a statutory commission will be formed. Basically, during that time.
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This commission was formed for the purpose of examining
the effectiveness of governance and making necessary recommendations. Limitations of the Government of India Act of 1919. The Montagu-Chelmsford Act was described by Bengalis and Indians as inadequate and incomplete. This law fails to fulfill their hopes and aspirations. The limitations of this law are presented below: The Governor-General has so much power: the law of 1919 did not change the basic corner of the system of governance. Therefore, no responsible system of governance has been introduced in India. Responsible cabinet in the center corner
All power was concentrated in the hands of the Governor General and his executive branch. Although three Indians were present at the executive meeting, none of them was a people's representative. Moreover, they were nominated by the Governor General. That is why the Indians did not have the opportunity to participate in the regime. If the Central Legislative Assembly did not pass a law or part of it, the Governor-General could issue a certificate and turn it into law. In addition to the ordinance, he had absolute power to pass the budget, which made him arbitrary. He was not accountable to the legislature for his actions. Of England. He was held accountable to the Secretary of State for India. Therefore, it can be said that the Government of India Act of 1919 AD
In the process, arrangements were made to continue the British imperialist regime in the same manner as before. 2. Dual Governance of the Provincial Government
All the basic and important matters of administration in the province
were in the hands of the Governor. The legislature had no jurisdiction over these matters. The governor could have overturned the decision of the cabinet even if it was in the hands of the ministers. As a result, the introduction of responsible governance in the provinces has completely failed. The distribution of power between the center and the provinces was also flawed. With trade and property laws in the hands of the center and local government power, real problems arise.
18,384 people accepted the right to vote.
Only they had the right to rent
= Suffrage. In this law, the right to vote has been broadcasted more than before. But all people. Mecca was not recognized. In 1920, the total voting rights in the unoccupied room were 9.09.64 people, in the upper room, 4 people, which is only 10.5 percent of the total population. Those in the village can afford to pay a certain amount of tax
Only they got the right to vote. As a result, real democracy could not develop. That is why the educated and conscious people oppose this law. While in power, this law must be obeyed properly. Keep an eye on the century. When he was forced to leave the cabinet, the ruling Conservative Tony government was in India. Adopts strict policy about. That's why it became law on paper after Mont's resignation. Sir Tej Bahadur Sanchu and C, Y, Chintamani and Pandit Jagat Narayan Mella in the United Provinces resigned in protest against the government policy at the Center. Moreover, the British bureaucrats in India and Britain are autonomous. It was not possible to enforce the rule of law of India as it took a stand against it. Meanwhile, various parties and communities in India have reacted differently to the law. N. C. Of judgment. According to him, the Indian Reform Act of 1919 has never been welcomed by the people of this country. All political parties in India have called it 'incomplete and depressing'. The two main political parties in India. The Congress and the Muslim League rejected the law.
The Significance of the 1919 Indian Rule Act The importance of the Montagu-Chelmsford Reform Act cannot be completely denied, despite various criticisms. Of. In the aspects of importance 1. Introduction to Direct Elections: The Montagu-Chelmsford Reform Act introduced the introduction of direct elections in India. Whose
Through the expansion of the right to rent. With the introduction of direct election system through this law, the people. In the political consciousness is awakened.
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Introduction of responsible governance
Responsible governance is introduced. The law provides for holding the cabinet accountable to the legislature for its actions. As a result, the accountability of the members of the legislature and the ministers to the people increases, through which
The beginning of responsible governance in India. 3. Political education: If the Indian representatives get a chance to enter the legislature through this law
Opportunities for political experience and education are created. The Indian people practice politics directly
Gains political knowledge. 4 Indianisation of cabinets: Historians Thomson and Garrett praised the law, saying in the provincial cabinet
By replacing the Indians, the British government paved the way for Indianisation in the system of governance. Moderate Congress leaders like Surendranath Bandyopadhyay, Dinsha Wacha, Tej Bahadur San, Srinivas Shastri and others welcomed the Montague Gumsford Reform Act. According to them, this law was a real and strong step towards forming a responsible government in India.