The Alivardi Khan's three sons-in-law Nawazis Muhammad Khan and Syed Ahmed Khan
According to the prayers, they are engaged in the trade of Bengal by applying various tricks like deceit and cunning. Is. They continue to lobby and seek additional commercial benefits. In this continuity. In 1 AD, John Surman was sent to the court of the Mughal emperor Farrukhshiar (reign: 1713-1819) on behalf of the company.
The emperor was a historian in 1617
in gratitude to the English for the recovery of Lanta Farrukhshiar. Issued evidence. By this decree the British East India Company in Bengal, Bombay and Madras, 3 thousand per year.
It gets the right to trade almost duty free in exchange for paying duty
Moreover, the company acquired the right to issue its own currency from the Murshidabad taksha purchased in the villages adjoining Kolkata. The company is also given the power of judicial power over its employees. This short-sighted edict of Samat was a threat to the sovereignty of Bengal, which was the way to spread British domination. Makes it easy. Murshid Quli Khan (1617-1826 AD) was dissatisfied with the ruler of Bengal. Arbitrary decision. The prudent and far-sighted Murshid Quli Khan created various obstacles against Farman. Because he was able to anticipate the danger of increasing the power and prestige of the English. However, all his efforts to the English strategy failed. During the reigns of Nawab Sujauddaula (reigned 1626-1839 AD) and Nawab Alivardi Khan (reigned 1739-1858 AD) the company overcame all obstacles and began to make rapid progress in trade. They also demanded tax exemption for private businesses at this time. Despite occasional disagreements between the British and the Nawab over tax evasion, Alivardi Khan followed their cautious friendship policy, respecting their military might. He agreed to give the company the right to trade, but he was not in favor of building forts, saving political or military power. He noticed the disobedience of the English and forced them to obey the orders of their Nawab. Does. However, due to the fear of Maratha attack, he could not be harsh on the English in the hope of helping them. As a result, the arrogance and aggressive attitude of the English continued to increase, which ultimately resulted in the Battle of Plassey. Ascending the throne by Shirazuddowla Nawab Alivardi Khan had no son. So before his death he appointed his youngest daughter's son Sirajuddaula as the next Nawab of Bengal. When Nawab Alivardi Khan died on 10 April 1757, his grandson Sirajuddaula ascended the Bengal masnad at Murshidabad. At that time Siraj was only twenty three years old. Siraj, being brought up by his grandfather with great affection, could not gain more experience of political knowledge or political activity. It was not possible for him to take the necessary precautions when he was suddenly given the responsibility of governing.
The elder brother of Alivardi Khan
The three of them are Dhaka and Purnia respectively. He was the ruler of Patna. The eldest daughter Ghaseti Begum was the wife of Nawazis Khan, the eldest daughter Maymuna's husband Syed Ahmed Khan and the youngest daughter Amena's husband was Jainuddin Khan. Son of Alivardi Khan.
Shawkat Jung or Patna, son of Syed Ahmed Khan, the ruler of Purnia, was fit to be the Nawab of Bengal as his successor. Sirajuddaula, son of the ruler Jainuddin Khan. Alivardi Khan's favorite was Sirajuddaula. So eat Alivardi. He declared Siraj as the next Nawab of Bengal. Although Siraj was a just Nawab, Shawkat Jung was a candidate for the post of Nawab of Bengal. That is why he opposed Siraj in various ways. Yag with him. General Mir Jafar, Rajballav and Siraj's aunt Ghaseti Begum. However, Shawkat Jung, the ruler of Purnia, who became the naib of Purnia on 26 March 1757, received a decree of Nizamat of Bengal, Bihar and Orissa from the Mughal Emperor Alamgir II for 1 crore rupees. When he became a rebel, Sirajuddaula defeated and killed him at the battle of Manihari in Purnia on 16 October 1757, and captured Purnia. Ghaseti Begum wanted to seize her minor adopted son Muraduddaula on the throne of Bengal by chance. However, Nawab Ghaseti kept Begum under surveillance.
Meanwhile, the English merchants joined hands with Ghaseti Begum, an opponent of Siraj, on the pretext of succession conflict. Tactically suppressing the family conspiracy, however, another conspiracy against Siraj began to spread outside. Involved in this conspiracy were local and foreign merchant classes, the influential royalty and aristocracy of the Nawab's court, the Nawab's general Mir Jafar and many others. Through conspiracies, the British started trying to seize power in Bengal and India. On various pretexts, they clashed with Nawab Sirajuddaula, which culminated in the battle of Palashi. Battle of Plassey
The reign of Nawab Sirajuddaula was a landmark event not only in the history of Bengal but in the history of the whole of India. The change that took place in the history of Bengal at this time seems to be a harbinger of the English colonial rule. With the death of Alivardi Khan, Sirajuddaula succeeded him as Nawab of Bengal. Siraj was nominated by Alabal Khan as his successor during his lifetime. For that reason apparently on the throne of Siraj. "There should be no problem with Arahan. But Ghaseti Begum, Shawkat Jung and others started conspiring with the British against Siraj. That is why the clash of Sirajuddaula with the British became inevitable.
Causes of the Battle of Plassey (April 10, 1857)
Uddaula Masnad at Caus of the Battle of Plassey. He said that the presence of the British was against the interests of this country, so he was determined to expel them. He decided to pursue the company for three reasons. Sira is in the famous Amena of Kolkata. In a letter to Khwaja Wazed, he said, "The first reason for the expulsion of English merchants from this country is that they Kash has set up impregnable forts and moats in Calcutta in defiance of customary law. Second, they are abusing the knock by breaking faith; It is depriving the government of its legitimate revenue by illegally distributing dastak (license to trade free of charge) among private individuals in the name of the company. Third, the rules of zamindari lease. The British are treating their Kolkata zamindari as their sovereign territory and many criminals are fleeing from the Nawab's court and taking refuge in Calcutta and the company welcomes these criminals. "" Siraj's allegations are nothing new. Murshid Quli. The last decade of Khan's rule saw the rise of the British. This excess of the English has made the battlefield of Palashi. However, a historical event could cause catastrophe to the people of any country. Evidence of this can be found in the battle of Palashi. The reasons why the battle of Palashi took place are as follows: Firstly, after his inauguration as Nawab, it was customary for all foreign merchants to send him gifts and congratulate him. But the English did not do so after Sirajuddaula was anointed as Nawab; Which is one of the reasons for Siraj's hostility towards the English. Second, English and French merchants clashed in the Deccan over the Anglo-French rivalry. For this reason the English merchants started renovating their respective forts at Fort William in Calcutta and the French at Chandannagar. Siraj got the news and ordered to stop it. Although the French obeyed the orders of the Nawab, the English disobeyed and continued the work of renovating the fort. As a result, Sirajuddaula became angry with them. Thirdly, the right to trade at the nominal duty granted by the Mughal emperor Farrukhshiar was in conflict with the English merchants who were knocking on the door of the employees of the Nawab of Bengal. Domestic merchants were harmed by the verdict of abuse of the English company Dastak. Hence the commercial conditions aimed at stopping the abuse of the Nawab English knock. Ordered to comply. But the British East India Company disobeyed the order of the Nawab. The Nawab became extremely annoyed with the English. Fourth: Nawab Sirajuddaula's antagonism with the British escalated over the granting of asylum in Calcutta to Rajballav's son Krishnadas. Siraj's aunt Ghaseti Begum and her collaborator Rajballav collected a lot of money through deception. Nawab Ghaseti demanded an account of the money by keeping Begum and Rajballav under surveillance
Realizing the Nawab's investigation
Ghaseti Begum and Rajbalpad called for Rs 55 lakh." Krishnadas, the son of Rajballav, took refuge with the English in Calcutta with that money. As a result, Siraj's suspicion and anger towards the English increased manifold. Fifth: The Nawab sent Narayan Singh as an envoy to the English seeking the return of Krishnadas. The English governor insulted the ambassador and drove him away. One by one, the arrogant behavior of the English and the free Sirajuddaula angered him. So in order to give them a proper education, he captured Calcutta not earlier in the month of June 1757. On the way he also occupied the factory at Kasimbazar. Disoriented by the Nawab's attack, the English fled from Fort William. A number of Englishmen, including Hallwell, surrendered. Sixth. In order to discredit the Nawab after his release from captivity, Holwell spreads a false story. Known in history as the 'Black Hole Murder'. According to Hallwell's story, it is 18 feet long and 14.10 feet wide. 147 Englishmen were imprisoned in a house of six. As a result, 123 people died due to extreme heat and drought. Is. This false news spread to Madras. As a result, Watson and Clive got excited from Madras to Kolkata. Move towards. Here they defeated the Nawab's general Manik Chad and captured Calcutta. Under such circumstances, the Nawab was compelled to make a humiliating treaty, known in history as the 'Treaty of Alinagar'. Under the terms of the treaty, all previous commercial benefits granted to the company by the emperor of Delhi were accepted. Sirajuddaula was forced to pay compensation for the war. Demands for renovation of Fort William and construction of mint in Calcutta were also accepted. Seventh: As a result of the treaty of Alinagar, the ambition of the English was further enhanced by getting all kinds of opportunities. The Chandannagar factory of the French on the pretext of the Nawab's weakness and on the pretext of the seven-year war in Europe. The English invaded and occupied. The French had good relations with Nawab Siraj at that time. So in this case. The Nawab formed an alliance with the French and arranged for the punishment of the English. Clive became angry with the Nawab. Engaged in a conspiracy to overthrow. The English understood that if Sirajuddaula was in the position of Nawab, their interests would not be fulfilled any day. As a result, they engaged in a deep conspiracy against the Nawab. Join Clive in this conspiracy. Trader Dhankuber Jagatsheth, Raja Rajballav, Raydurlav, Umichad, Senapati Mir Jafar and others. Of modern research. It became clear through the medium that some officials of the English company tried to overthrow Nawab Sirajuddaula in order to spread the monopoly power of the English merchants in Bengal. They are indigenous to reach the desired goal. Engaged in conspiracy with a powerful group consisting of conspirators and traitors. When the conspirators were fully prepared to overthrow Nawab Sirajuddaula, Robert Clive had little to do with it. On the pretext of declaring war against him. Siraj was also ready for battle. The deception of the English Upon hearing the news of the betrayal, he had already gathered troops in the desert of Palashi. A landmark battle in the history of India took place on 23rd June 1757 in the desert of Tan Palashi of Bhagirathi Nali. This is because of the conspiracy of the traitors Mir Jafar and Raydurlav, a large part of the Nawab's army refrained from fighting.