The renovation Establishment of Hazare Aswad

The renovation Establishment of Hazare Aswad

The renovation Establishment of Hazare Aswad

Establishment of Hazare Aswad: The renovation work started in 605 AD when the Kaaba was not renovated for a long time and the flood of 593 AD damaged the Kaaba. The Quraish completed the reformation of the four gaitras by sharing. But there is a danger of a clash between the Gaetragulas over the installation of Hazrat Aswad (black stone) in the Kaaba. Because every Gayatri wanted to attain virtue by placing the stone in the Kaaba. In such a situation, Muhammad (peace be upon him) very cleverly took off the sheet of his body and placed the stone on it with the help of four lords of four gaitras and was able to stop the horrible bleeding.

Gain of Prophethood: When financial prosperity came after marriage, Muhammad (peace be upon him) became obsessed with establishing peace in sinful, superstitious and pagan Arabia. From the age of 35, Hazrat Muhammad (PBUH) started to change his mind. For this he is three miles from the Kaaba on the hill of Jabal al-Nur or Nur. Hera used to meditate in solitude for one month every year in a cave called Hera.

In this condition, at the age of 40, on the 27th day of the holy month of Ramadan in 610 AD, the angel Gabriel came from Allah. (A.) receives revelation through. The angel Gabriel (AS) appeared before Hazrat in the cave of Hera Said, 'Ikra' means 'reading'. Muhammad (peace be upon him) said, "I cannot read it." Then Gabriel (A.).

He held her tightly to his chest. He felt intense pain. By pressing three times in this way, his mental weakness is removed. Then he continued to recite with Jibraeel (AS) "Ikra Bismi Babbikallaji Khalakru." That is, "Read, in the name of your Lord who created you." In this way he was renewed and attained the status of the last and greatest prophet. Thus long 23 years of different events and realities. Revelation was revealed to Hazrat in different ways. After receiving the revelation, he returned home in a state of fear and trembling and described this miracle to Bibi Khadija. Bibi Khadija took Hazrat Muhammad (PBUH) to her blind old cousin Waraka bin Nawfel of Hanif community and narrated all the incidents. After hearing all this, he remarked that similar words had come to Musa (as) and Isa (as). So Muhammad (pbuh) will soon be a prophet. She encourages him. . Propagation of Islam in secret: Propagation of Tawheed among the relatives of the Prophet (peace be upon him) in secret after attaining prophethood. Began to do. Responding to his call, his wife Bibi Khadija (RA) was the first to convert to Islam. Among the men, Hazrat Ali (ra) took refuge in the shadow of Islam. Then Zayd, Abu Bakr, Osman, Talha, Zubair, Sa'd bin Abi Waqqas and Abdur Rahman bin Auf converted to Islam. Apart from Bibi Khadija (ra), Ali (ra) and all seven of them were the first Muslims in Islam. They perform the first prayers and embrace Islam. Mention that Ali (ra) was 10 years old at the time of his conversion to Islam, Abu Bakr (ra) was the oldest and Zayd was the adopted son of the Prophet (sa) and a freed slave. Thus, during the first three years of the secret preaching of Islam, forty people gathered under the shadow of Islam. Preaching Islam in public: After receiving revelation and preaching Islam secretly for three years, in 613 AD, at the behest of Allah, the Prophet (peace be upon him) convened a conference at the foot of Mount Safa to preach the message of Tawheed. The Prophet (peace be upon him) declared, "La ilaha illallah" - meaning there is no god but Allah. He urged the Companions to embrace Islam for the worship of one God, avoiding paganism.

Persecution of the Prophet (peace be upon him) and Muslims. Oppressions on The Great Prophet (Sm) and The Muslims According to Syed Amir Ali, the Quraish of Makkah did not accept Islam. Paganism was deeply rooted in them. 2. In the ancient religion there were various temptations related to self-interest. But in the new religion, such a corner is tempting

Was not. 3. The Quraish had a vested interest in the worship of the ancient religion and their values ​​were involved in its maintenance. Due to these reasons, the Quraish did not follow Islam and started opposing Islam. Quraish leaders like Abu Jahl, Abu Lahab, Abu Sufyan and others mocked the Prophet (peace be upon him) as a heretic and insane. But. The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) did not shy away from his duty in the face of their ridicule. At this stage the Quraish tried to dissuade Muhammad (pbuh) from preaching Islam by showing him the temptation to provide beautiful women, abundant wealth and leadership. Unsuccessful in this, they started inhuman torture on the Prophet (peace be upon him) and his followers. Umm Jamila, the wife of Abu Lahab, used to throw rubbish on the head of the Prophet (peace be upon him) and spread thorns on the way. Many newly converted Muslims, including Hariz bin Abihala, Yasar and his wife Samia and Bilal, were physically and mentally abused and many were blinded. He was even burnt to death.

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Hizrat to Abyssinia

The renovation Establishment of Hazare Aswad

If the oppression of the Malis on the Malmans is only extreme, then Hazrat Muhammad. By the command of Allah, Hazrat Osman (RA) and his wife Ruqayyah along with the daughter of the Prophet (SAW) were 14 newly-baptized. When Muslims were advised to migrate to Abyssinia (Ethiopia) in 715 AD, they migrated to Abyssinia. Thirty more families later migrated to Abyssinia. This is the first migration of Muslims. They were then sheltered by the Christian king Nazzali (real name Ashema) in Abyssinia. The Quraish sent a delegation led by Abdullah bin Rabiah and Amr bin Al As to the royal court of Abyssinia, pretending to wire the Muslims from Abyssinia. But if the Najjasi did not agree to expel the Muslims, the Quraish failed and returned. The second requirement: When the emigrating Muslims returned to Makkah after two or three months, the Quraish increased the level of oppression on them. The Prophet (peace be upon him) again sent about 100 Muslims to Abyssinia, including 18 women. This is known as the second migration of Muslims to Abyssinia. Once again the ruler of Abyssinia sheltered the Muslims. The Importance of the Hijrat to Abyssinia The migration to Abyssinia is an important chapter for Islam and Muslims. William Muir said, "What they, the newly converted Muslims, do is very important in the history of Islam."

First of all, it bears witness to the apostasy of Muslims towards Islam. Besides, they are the future for Islam. Anyone learns to give up. Second, the Quraish were frustrated that they could not bring the Muslims back from Abyssinia despite their best efforts. So much Day by day they thought that if Muslims were persecuted they would return to their former religion. But on the contrary, seeing the strength of faith of the Muslims, they became weak. Third, Abyssinia's relations with the Quraish were strained due to Abrahah's invasion of Mecca (570-561 AD) and religious reasons. That is why the Muslims find a suitable place to escape from the oppression of the Quraish. Fourth, the journey to Abyssinia facilitated the migration of Hazrat Muhammad (pbuh) to Medina. 

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Quraish Proposal for Reconciliation: Fearing the rise of Islam in the face of such adversity, the Quraish leaders offered Abu Talib to settle the dispute with Muhammad (peace be upon him). In response, the Prophet (peace be upon him) said, "If someone brings the sun in my right hand and the moon in my left hand, I will not be able to reject Islam." As a result, the proposal was rejected. Hazrat Omar's (ra) and Hamza's conversion to Islam: In the sixth year of the Prophet's (pbuh) prophethood, that is, in 617 AD, Hazrat Omar (ra) and Hamza (ra) converted to Islam. Angered by this, the infidels expelled Hashim and Muttalib Gaetra. Closes trade and commerce, socializing and establishing marital relations. As a result, the Prophet (peace be upon him) and his followers faced many problems. This condition lasted from 617 to 719 AD. Eventually the Prophet (peace be upon him) returned to Mecca with the help of some influential people of Mecca. The conversion of Birkeshari Hazrat Hamza (who is known as Amir Hamza in history) and Hazrat Omar (ra) greatly increased the power of the Muslims. Syed Amir Ali said, "At this time the new Faith gained a valuable adherent in Omar, whose energy of character made him an important factor in the future commonwealth of Islam." Character played an important role in the future democracy of Islam. "

We will not kill or sacrifice children under any circumstances. 5. We will not lie to anyone. . We will be loyal to the Holy Prophet (PBUH) in every good deed, we will not be disobedient in any justice. The importance of the oath of Aqaba. The oath of Aqaba is very significant in the history of Islam. At the juncture of Islam. The solemn oath of the people of Yasrib played a huge role in the progress of Islam. This is one of the preaching of Islam. Serene fields are discovered. The persecuted Muslims of Makkah escaped from persecution by traveling to Medina. Of. In the morning, the Prophet (peace be upon him) was able to establish Islam by migrating to Medina. That is why historians take this oath. He described it as a milestone in the conquest of Islam.

Lesson 2: Migration: Causes and Importance Hizrat (Migration): Cause and Importance The migration to Medina opened a new horizon in the lives of Islam, the Prophet (peace be upon him) and the Muslims. The Medina life of the Prophet (peace be upon him) began. What a migration! Origin of the Arabic word 'Hijra'. The word hijra means to sever ties, to exclude groups. To do, depart or go. That is to leave the country or move from one place to another. In Islamic terminology, the journey from Mecca to Medina in 622 AD with the Prophet (peace be upon him) Hazrat Abu Bakr (peace be upon him) is called Hijrah. Although some Christian historians call the migration of the Prophet (peace be upon him) an 'escape', in a neutral historical analysis it cannot be called an escape or an 'escape in fear of life'. In this context, the Western historian Carl Brockelman said, "This is the Hijrah of the Prophet - that is not a flight, but a migration which constitutes a break with an untenable past and the begining of a new life". That is, "The Prophet's (pbuh) emigration was not an escape; it was a transfer, which started a new chapter in his life." The reason for the migration of the Prophet (peace be upon him) to Medina. Causes of Migration to Medina of the Great Prophet (Sm). The Prophet (peace be upon him) was no exception. He too was tortured and persecuted without being honored in Makkah. But the people of Medina invited the Prophet (peace be upon him) to Medina with respect as a prophet.

Environmental factors

The renovation Establishment of Hazare Aswad

The barren and mountainous inhabitants of Makkah were harsh and ill-tempered due to the dry climate and warm climate. On the other hand, the people of Madinah were relatively calm, knowledgeable, and simple-minded due to the lush and cool weather. Therefore, the people of Madinah, realizing the good and the bad, easily accepted the Prophet (peace be upon him) and invited him to go there. Spiritual Relationships: Hashim, the great-grandfather of the Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him), and his father, Abdullah, were married in Medina. As a result, when he became impatient with the cruel oppression of the Quraish, the people of Madinah took refuge in him out of sympathy. 

Impact of aristocracy and nobility

With the establishment of Islam, the aristocracy and nobility of the Quraish of Makkah were about to disappear. Historian Joseph Hale says, “The rulers of Makkah are not so much in favor of the teachings of Islam 


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