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The Lawrence of Arabia

The Lawrence of Arabia

The Lawrence of Arabia

Climate, Crops, and Animals of Ancient Arabian Peninsula Climate: The Arabian Peninsula is one of the aridest and tropical countries in the world. Although there was water on three sides of the peninsula, it could not wet the land. Because much of the Arabian Peninsula is rainfed in Afro-Asia. Desert. Clouds arise naturally from the southern Indian Ocean but are absorbed by desert sandstorms (cymum). There is no water vapor left in the air. The desert region is witty and flowerless in extreme heat. Occasionally there is a hot wind blowing. However, in Yemen, Oman, Hazramaut, Hejaz, etc., and in the watershed valleys. There is little rainfall. When it rains in Hejaz for two or three days; On the other hand, heavy rains cause loss of life and property. Cultivable rainfall occurs in the provinces of Yemen and Asir. Sanaa, the modern capital of Yemen, is located 600 feet above sea level and is the most beautiful and healthy city in the Arabian Peninsula. In the Arabian Peninsula, there are no rivers in the interior that meet the sea for navigation. Arab merchants and pilgrims find their way by looking at the springs or valleys created by the rainwater flowing in the desert. Yield crops: Due to the dry climate and barren lands, it is difficult to produce adequate crops in Arab countries. However, the date palm, known as the 'queen of trees', grows abundantly in the Hejaz region. Dates are the staple food of the Arabs. Their livelihood was difficult without dates. Date juice is used as a drink and date seeds are used as food for camels. Wheat is grown in Al-Yemen and some oases; Barley is cultivated as a staple food. Paddy is grown in Oman and Al-Hasa, and maize is grown in some areas. Other crops grown in the Arabian Desert include apples, oranges, paper lemons, Ventanas, sugarcane, watermelons, bananas, etc. Historical p. K. "Probably the Nabataeans and the Jews brought such trees from the north and planted them here," Hitti said.


Arabian Animals: Although Arabian horses are world-famous, they are actually the first to import horses from Syria to Arab countries. The main importance of the neck was to give the necessary speed to the Bedouins' sudden attack. Raising cattle in Arabia was very expensive. Only the rich owned the horse. Horses are used for various purposes including hunting, sports, warfare. Allah says in the Holy Qur'an about how useful the horse was to the Arabs:


Has done: He has created many other things (for the benefit of the Ta'imas), but they do not know them. The camel was the midwife of the nomads.

for the year 1601600, "It (Camel) is the Bedouin's constant companion, his alter ego, his foster. In the Holy Qur'an, the camel is mentioned as a special blessing of Allah for the Arabs. Hazrat Omar (ra) said, "Where camels are improved, the Arabs There is an improvement. ” The camels played an important role in the expansion of the kingdom and in trade and commerce as they could not drink water for about 25 days in winter and about 15 days in summer.

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Mineral resources of Arabia

The Arabian Peninsula is a land of mineral resources. From time immemorial, Arab armies have been valued at home and abroad. Especially when there was a commercial connection between the West and South Arabia and Yemen, the Arabic garments with sleeves were sold in the western market. "The Arabs' mineral armies were so pure that they did not need to be mined," said Deodarus. Moreover, silver was also available in Arabia. Coins were minted in the Byzantine and Sassanid empires of Persia with the army and silver of Arabia. P. K. Hitti (Philip Khure Hitti) said, “Just as Arabia was famous for its incense and its spices, so did its minerals. The army in particular was the pride of the Arabs. Geographer al-Muqaddisi describes the armies of ancient Arabia in his Ahsana ut-Takasim and al-Hamdani's Sifat-i-Jazirat al-Arab. Limestone, granite, and basalt were found in Arabia at that time, except for the army. And now in Arabia, The abundance of oil mining is well known.


Geographical Impact on Life

The livelihood of Inhabitants of Arabia: Depending on the nature of the land, the inhabitants of Arabia can be divided into two classes - permanent residents of the city and nomadic nomads, known as Bedouins. There is a big difference between these two categories of behavior, lifestyle, meditation, customs. It was not always possible to identify the boundaries between them. | Because many desert Arabs have abandoned Bedouin life and become permanent residents. On the other hand, due to poverty, some permanent residents have been forced to accept migration. | Urban Permanent Residents: The fertile grasslands of the Arabian Peninsula are said to be permanently inhabited and many settlements have gradually developed there. Mainly agriculture, trade, and commerce were the main livelihood of the permanent residents. The urban Arabs were more elegant, tasteful, and knowledgeable than the desert Bedouins as a result of maintaining contact with the outside world for business reasons.

The momentary victory of the Quraish Although the Muslims

Lived Their food

The Lawrence of Arabia

Mortal nomads: Most of the Arabs are independent, reckless, and dubious

Daya and the mighty desert Bedouin. The city and. The chained life of Joy could not bind and attract them. They roam all over the desert for a living. Wandering. From one pasture to another in search of weeds

He used to go from one pasture to another in search of 25 people. They are but 3 with family and sheep. Their food was camel meat and drink camel and goat milk. The main livelihood was looting. Attacks and counter-attacks between the Bedouins and the townspeople for the sake of self-interest were commonplace.

'In the course of Father's life struggle, they are forced to plunder wealth. The head of the family.

"They used to go to the polls together to defend themselves and oppress the weak. * 'Mother was famous for her love of war and love of war.

On the way to a hard life struggle for Montana


That is to say, ahi with a few families, a geshti with a few hi, and a plate or Kabila with a few get. Sometimes or in a peaceful way they collected money from the rich.

In Hitti's words, "Nomadism is as much a scientific mode of living ..." "that is," nomadism is a scientific way of life. The Arab Bedouins could also be called land pirates for plunder. Geographical Influence on the Inhabitants: The diverse geo-natural features of the Arabian Peninsula profoundly affect the way of life of the inhabitants. By constantly struggling with the unfavorable geographical environment of this land like rainless hot and dry climate, sandy Dhudhu desert, etc., the desert Bedouins have become a rough, adventurous, milky and military nation; On the other hand, they have been patient, hardworking and hardworking. Arab. The behavior and character of the Arabs adapted to the hostile weather and climate are a combination of barbarism, brutality, harshness, and courage. The fierce cyclones of the desert, the scorching heat, the scorching sand, the scorching heat, the rugged mountains, the thorny trees have made them a fighting nation. Although animal husbandry and trade were their main occupations, if they were in need, they would attack the caravans carrying goods or plunder the surrounding areas. Among the Arabs, however, there were some noble qualities of greatness. Hospitality, poetic nature, love of freedom, individualism, generosity, etc. were their innate qualities. Every citizen was skilled in military skills. The Arabs had an innate ability to assimilate the culture of other nations. The Arabs were very proud of their purity of blood, their eloquence, their poetry, their swordsmanship, and their lineage. That is, the ancient Arabs were equally adept at both Aussies and Moses.

Due to the scarcity of food and the uncertain and aimless way of life, the Bedouins used to treat their wives arbitrarily. To them the past is the past; The present was everything. So they used to enjoy the present through mixed chats, gambling, and dance songs. Their laxity is observed in advanced religious practices. ‘The night in the desert is always full of horrible ghosts, demons, and monsters’ the desert because of this superstitious belief. Hospitality was developed among the Arabs to protect the traveler from danger. Fear of foreign aggression and security concerns made the Arabs popular. This love for Gaeta gives birth to self-control and democracy in them. In order to protect the interests of Gaeta, ‘Shir Dib, Nahi Dib Amama’ (turban/helmet) = this strict attitude was passed.

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