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The Hellenistic Greeks Contributions to Civilization

The Hellenistic Greeks Contributions to Civilization

The Hellenistic Greeks Contributions to Civilization

Destruction era: After the Pelanesian War, the Hellenic civilization began to decline and the kingdom of Macedonia expanded to the north of Greece. Messi

State domination continues to expand. Occupation of all cities except Sparta to unite the Greeks against Philip II of Persia, King of Macedon

Occupied all the city-states except Shata and formed a Hellenic League. But in the meantime, King Philip died and his worthy son Alexander (born 356 BC)


Death:323 BC Babylon, Iraq) Macedon ascends the throne. He led the conquest of Digvijaya.

Expands. In this way, the West and the East gradually became closer and the Eastern father-culture merged with the Hellenic civilization. In the direct role of Emperor Alexander, a disciple of the Greek philosopher Aristotle, a mixture of two rich civilizations, Greek and Persian, gave rise to a new civilization in the ancient world centered on Alexandria, Egypt. This is why it is known as 'Hellenistic Civilization'. Hellenistic-Greek contributions to civilization. 


Hellenistic-Greeks and Contributions to Civilization in the economic field

Hellenistic-Greeks and Contributions to Civilization in the economic field

In the economic field due to the formation of huge empires and international connections in the Hellenistic era. There were massive improvements. Greece through India to the east, the Atlantic Ocean to the west, and Ethiopia to the south. Trade was extensive. Shipbuilding for the purpose of maritime trade and trade including the establishment of ports, harbors, lighthouses. The utility was developed in many structures. Industries were also developed during this period with the aim of building a prosperous economic structure. The lands were taken over by the state and given to the aristocracy and peasants. As a result crop production increases. An advanced banking system was also developed under state management. Hellenists are big in the economic field

The credit goes to the Hellenistic gold and silver coins throughout the Middle and West as indicators of the international monetary system at this time. Had spread to Asia. During this period, Alexandria of Egypt gained a good reputation as an international port for importing and exporting goods from different countries.


The greatest development of epistemology can be seen in the Hellenistic age, which played a direct role in the field of epistemology and in the emergence and development of modern civilization. Under the patronage of the great emperor Alexander and his successors, many scholars were brought in to advance science. A pioneer in innovation and research in various fields of science. Notable scientists are Euclid (Euclid, 350-300 BC), a renowned mathematician from Alexandria, Egypt. 

The Story of Pre-Islamic Arabia


Hipparchus (190-120 BC)

Hipparchus (190-120 BC)

The Greek Hellenistic astrologer, mathematician, and geographer were born in Iznik in modern Turkey, but Raed was a genius. Hellenistic civilizations have contributed to the various sciences of civilization. His impeccable creations include 'Life and Work', 'Geometry, trigonometry, and other mathematical techniques' (geometry, trigonometry, and other mathematical techniques), 'Lunar and Solar theory'. (Moon and Solar Theory), 'Geography' (Geography), 'Astronomical instruments and Astrometry' (Astronomical instruments and Astronomy), etc. He is called the father of trigonometry for his classical contribution to trigonometry.



Aristarchus (310-230 BC):

Ancient Greek astronomer and mathematician first introduced a well-known model of other planets orbiting the earth revolving around the sun. Through his research, he was the first to prove that the sun is many times larger than the earth and the stars are far away from the earth. Earlier, Aristotle said, "The sun revolves around the earth."



Archimedes (27-212 BC)

Archimedes was a Greek mathematician, physicist, and engineer.

A. Astronomer. He is still in the world today 'Archimedes' principle 'Archimedes' zoo, 'water science', 'floating'. Launch Theory ',' Statistical Law ',' Taparshi 'etc. are appreciated for their innovative work. Also Greek Hellenistic.

So one of the contributors to the field of science is the astronomer and geometric Eratosthenes. Trafnshenes, 16-105 BC), philosopher Xeno (Zeno, 342-260 BC), philosopher Epicurus (Poto ... 314-280 BC). 


Single work

1. Point out the differences between an the Hellenic Age are and the Hellenistic age.

2. Highlight the differences between the city-states of Sparta and Athens.

3. Give ideas about Hemer and Herardatus. 


Teamwork

4. Explain how successful ancient Greece was in establishing democracy in the world.

5. Distinguish between the Hellenic Age and the Hellenistic civilization.


Raman civilization:

Raman civilization

The Roman Civilization Another ancient Western civilization, known as the Roman civilization, emerged in the Mediterranean region, on the banks of the river Tiber in Italy, before Greek civilization reached its peak of development. According to legend, He founded the city of Ram in 653 AD. The city of Ram is named after Ramulus.


Geographical Location

Geographical Locatio

According to the earlier ancient civilization, its geographical location is important behind the development of the Roman civilization. Has played a role. The civilization developed around Ram, a small city in western Europe on the European continent. It is bounded on the west by the Apennine Mountains, on the north by the Alps, on the south by the Mediterranean Sea, and on the northeast by the Adriatic Sea. The city of Ram is spread over seven hilly hills. That is why this city is also called ‘The city of seven hills.


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