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The potential social and political implications of Islam

The potential social and political implications of Islam

The potential social and political implications of Islam

were even more hostile than that. As a result, when the opposition of the people of Makkah towards Islam became intense, the Prophet (peace be upon him) decided to migrate to Medina.

The Quraish, being employed in the service of the Kaaba of Makkah, were the sole guardians of the maintenance of the idols, the worship, the conduct of the annual tath, etc. If the oneness of God is established in them

He used to do parayehitya. When the monotheism of God is established, their priesthood will disappear.

Because of this fear, they oppose the Prophet (peace be upon him). On the other hand, there is such a corner in Medina. Since there is no community, it will be easier to live and propagate the religion.

Hachit is. Although Mecca is a place of pilgrimage, in fact the international atmosphere is created in Medina of the Arabian Peninsula. That is why the Prophet (peace be upon him) migrated to Medina to spread Islam in the international arena

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Invitation to Christians

The potential social and political implications of Islam

Through the Torah and the Bible, the Jews and Christians of Medina were aware of the arrival of a prophet in Mecca. They found similarities between the description of the Prophet in these scriptures and the Prophet (peace be upon him)

Invites emigration to Medina. Religions of Medina's Confusion: Paganism, materialism, Christian trinity can attract the people of Medina.

Ordinary people would be confused because of the perverted and corrupt lac in Hudhud and Christianity. This is why it is confusing. In order to get rid of the religion, they invited the Prophet (peace be upon him) to Medina. Invitation of Aus and Khazraj Gaetr: Aus and Khazraj Gaetr of Medina were waiting for a mediator to save them from the long-running battle of Buas. Upon hearing the news of the Prophet's (pbuh) justice, fairness and foresight, they invited the Prophet (pbuh) to migrate to Medina. Responding to their call, he decided to go to Medina. W. Montgomery Watt said, "On the religious side it (Hijrat) meant the acceptance of Muhammad as prophet; and on the political side the acceptance of him as arbiter as between the opposing facts in Madina." That is, "Hijrah means Muhammad (peace be upon him) was accepted by the people of Madinah as a prophet in terms of religion and as a mediator in their political disputes."


Uncle Abu Talib: the keeper of the price, also helped in preaching. In this situation the Quraish

During the Hajj season of the third year, several lakes of Medina run to Mecca. Besides, they migrated to Medina with the Prophet (peace be upon him)

Death of Abu Talib and Khadija: Uncle Abu, the guardian of the danger of the Prophet (peace be upon him), became very helpless in the death of his inspiring wife Bibi Khadija. The level of oppression increases a hundredfold. Due to their enmity, the Prophet (peace be upon him) decided to migrate. The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) was inspired to emigrate to Madinah. Musab's favorable report He decided to emigrate after informing the Prophet (peace be upon him) that he was planning to assassinate the Prophet (peace be upon him). The infidels, under the leadership of Abu Jahl, decided to form a group of assassins with a young man from each tribe and together they would kill the Prophet (peace be upon him) with a sword.

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Hijrah to MedinaGain this revelation

Hijrah to MedinaGain this revelation

In such a situation, Allah, the Exalted, sent the Prophet (peace be upon him) to Mecca through revelation (Surah Yaseen).

He ordered the migration to Medina. As a result, the Prophet (peace be upon him) migrated to Medina. fouglog VUT (Events of Hizrat) The Prophet (peace be upon him) finally made the final decision to migrate to Medina after receiving revelation to protect Islam, Muslims and himself from the Quraish. In this situation the Quraish came to kill him on 24th of 622 AD. Leaving Hazrat Ali (ra) in his bed in September, he left Makkah for Madinah with Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra); Which is known as Hijrat.


The assassins came and chased the Prophet (peace be upon him) without finding him. Hiding in Saur cave for three days on the way. From there he set out for Medina on two speeding camels and arrived at Cuba, three miles from Medina. He stayed here for three days (four days in the sect) and preached Islam among the Cubans and built a mosque there. Departing from Cuba, the Prophet (peace be upon him) reached Medina on October 1 after performing the Friday prayers at a place called Ranuna. When the Prophet (peace be upon him) reached Medina, the people of Medina welcomed him. The importance of the migration of the Prophet (peace be upon him) to Medina. Importance of the Migration to the Medina of the Great Prophet (Sm) This is discussed below. The beginning of the life of Medina: The new life of the Prophet (peace be upon him) began in Medina through migration. Historical p. K. Hitty. 3. "The Hizrat, with which the Makkan period ended and the Madinese period began, proved a turning point in the life of Muhammad." That is, "With the Hijrah, the life of Hazrat Mecca ends and the life of Madinah begins, and this is where the life of Muhammad (pbuh) begins."



Its ridicule, persecution and despair, as well as hope and success in the life of the Prophet (peace be upon him). Accepts with respect. With the help of the Ansar (helpers) of Medina.

A: The Prophet (peace be upon him) formed the Islamic state by uniting the different tribes of Medina. He also took the responsibility of composing. He formulated a constitution to govern the state

Known as 'sanad'. This is the first written constitution in the history of the world.



ucleus of the Moslem commonwealth
End of persecution

 

ucleus of the Moslem commonwealth End of persecution

Be in Makkah as a result of migration; The days come to an end. At the same time, the people of Madinah accepted the Prophet (peace be upon him) with respect. A new horizon unfolded in the lives of the migrating Muslims. State formation and charter formulation in Medina: The Prophet (peace be upon him) took the responsibility of running the state as well as propagating various religions in Medina. He is Ra Which is known as the Medina Charter in the history of Islam. This is what the historian Muir in the history of the world said, “The Prophet (peace be upon him)

"As a result of the migration, the Prophet (peace be upon him) drafted the world's first written constitution, the Medina Charter," he said. Which recognizes the Prophet (peace be upon him) as a prudent statesman. Establishment of Brotherhood in Medina: Due to the Migration of the Prophet

The migration brought an end to the long-running enmity between the Aws and the Khazraj tribes in Medina, thanks to the efforts of the Prophet (peace be upon him). The people of Medina forget all differences and become brothers.

The people of Medina forgot all their differences and became bound by the brotherhood. Syed Amir Ali.

and Khazraj, forgetting their inveterate and mortal feuds in the brotherhood of the faith, rallied round the standard of Islam and formed the nucleus of the Moslem com

Mata Athay Haslami eliminates their strong and deadly bloody conflict under the influence of world brotherhood. If it unites with the ideology of Islam and becomes the central power of the Muslim Republic. 

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Increasing the status of Yasrib

The people of Yasrib changed the name of Yasrib to show respect to Hazrat (sa). Keeps Medinatunnabi or the city of the Prophet. Medina became the center of science and political activity. With the advent of Hazrat (PBUH) the dignity and importance of Medina increased manifold. Introduction of Hijri year: Khulafaye Rashedin II to make the time of migration of Prophet (saas) unforgettable. Caliph Hazrat Omar (RA) introduced the year Hijri in 639 AD. The importance of this Hijri year in calculating the Arabic year and date is immense. Syed Amir Ali said, "The Hegira from which dates the Mohammedan Calendar." Spread of Islam: As a result of migration, Islam began to spread at an unstoppable pace. The number of followers of Islam in Medina continued to increase without any hindrance. The Prophet (peace be upon him) received invitations from the rulers of Yemen, Ram and Persia from Medina to spread Islam in the international arena. Therefore, it can be seen that Medina has added a new chapter in the history of Hijrah Islam. Historian God Box rightly says, "Hizrat is the greatest turning point of the history of Islam." That is to say, "Hijrat is a great turning point in the history of Islam."

The emigrants who were bound by the brotherhood of the people of Madinah, who were instructed to divide their property and their ancestral property equally, were called 'helpers'. Nowhere in the history of the world has such self-sacrifice been seen towards the religious brothers. Construction of mosque: Purchase of a piece of land of two orphan boys named Sahal and Suhail of Banu Najjar Gaetr of Mahanabi (sa). He built a mosque. The walls of the mosque were made of bricks and mud and a canopy of palm leaves. Was done. This is Masjidunnabi or the Prophet's Mosque. Sitting here he did all the religious and state work. The residence of his family was built next to this mosque.


It gained new life due to mutual selfishness and conspiracy


Establishment of discipline in Medina: The social and political condition of Medina was extremely deplorable. At that time two Gaus named Aus and Khajraj were engaged in conflict with each other. Apart from this, a chaotic situation prevailed in Medina due to the mutual selfishness and conspiracy of the three branches of the Jews named Ban Kainuka, Banu Nazir and Banu Qurayza. Inspired by the ideals of equality and brotherhood under the leadership of the Prophet (peace be upon him), they gained new life and peace in Medina. Is established. Preparation of the Medina Charter: The Prophet (peace be upon him) left his beloved homeland of Mecca and established the Islamic Republic after his migration to Medina. He prepared a charter for this state. 


Introduction to the Medina Charter

Introduction to the Medina Charter

After the migration to Medina in 622 AD, the Prophet (peace be upon him) thought of the unity of Medina and formulated the constitution for the pagans, Jews, Christians and Muslims living there. ; In short, the constitution of Medina or the Medina Charter. M Watt calls it the ‘Constitution of Medina. Section of the Medina Charter According to Ibn Hisham's book 'Sirate Ibn Hisham', there are 46 sections of the Medina Charter. However, Ibn Ishaq mentions 53 verses in his book Sirat-e Rasoolullah. Important Clauses of the Charter In the name of God, Most Gracious, Most Merciful. This is one issued by the Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him)

Written decree. The Quraish, the believers of Yathrib, the Muslims and those who follow them

Will be and will participate in jihad with them. 2. Jews, Christians, pagans, and Muslims signing the Medina Charter violate equal civil rights in the state of Medina.

Will form a nation (ummah). 3. According to the charter, the Prophet (peace be upon him) was the head of state of the state of Medina and the head of the Supreme Court of Medina.


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