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Social conditions in pre-Islamic Arabia

Social conditions in pre-Islamic Arabia

Social conditions in pre-Islamic Arabia

Social Condition of Arabia in Pre-Islamic Era Hereditary and genetic. Negative aspects like arrogance, aristocracy, jealousy, hatred, prejudice, etc. make social life miserable. Ignorance, barbarism, cruelty, brutality contaminate social life. Describing such a social picture, the historian Khaedabox said, “The Arabs were engaged in drunkenness, women, and war, and the Prophet (peace be upon him) saw the whole Arab country. Immersed in ignorance, barbarism, and nature worship. ”


The Overall Status of Daughters and Women:

According to established accounts of historians, the status of women in pre-Islamic Arabia was extremely degrading. They had no rights or dignity in society. At this time. Women are considered to be part of the property and movable property. Polygamy and polygamy were the norms, even marrying stepmothers. Women were deprived of the property of their deceased husbands, fathers, or close relatives. The most hateful and tragic custom of this age was to bury a newborn girl alive. Superstitious Arabs considered the birth of a daughter cursed and shameful, and at times of poverty. He was buried alive in the whiplash. That is why it is said in the Holy Quran, “You do not kill your child for fear of poverty. I provide for them and for them. Surely killing them is a great sin. ”


Slavery


Slavery has been practiced in Arab society since time immemorial. According to commodities, slaves are traded in the market. They had no freedom and no social status. At the will of the Lord. Life-death, happiness-sorrow depended. They could not marry without the Lord's permission. Many times maids are dominant. Used as a concubine. The Lord's ownership was established over the children of slaves. Moral Decline: In pre-Islamic times, Arab society was full of moral decay. Arrogance of aristocracy, slander. Adultery, looting, abduction of women, theft, gambling, drinking, murder, etc., defile society. In oil Alcoholism is a common occurrence among Arabs. Being addicted to drugs is disgusting anywhere. They did not hesitate to work. Men could take more than one wife and reject it at will. They had illicit love affairs and had many concubines. Women could also have more than one husband at the same time. Jaya game: In the pre-Islamic era, Arabs used to play Jaya games. Arab Bedouins are addicted to gambling from time to time. He also used to bet his wife and children. Looting: Arab Bedouins were involved in looting and riots. P. K. The Hittites call these Bedouins ‘land pirates’. | Addressed. P. K. Hitti added, "Raiding is one of the few manly occupations." That is

"Looting is one of the most humane professions." They used to cut and eat the flesh of the living camels, and tied the living camels to the graves of the dead, thinking that the dead would ride on camels and go somewhere else, thus polluting their lives. +: The practice of nobility was prevalent in the pre-Islamic era. Maulana Akram Khan said, “In the pre-Islamic era There is no doubt that the influence of hereditary and tribal nobility was prevalent there (in Arabia). No. Pride, hatred, and animosity towards this lineage were evident among the people. ”

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Qusid system

Social conditions in pre-Islamic Arabia

The practice of Qusid was prevalent in pre-Islamic Arabia. The Jews traded exclusively. Kusidjibira. It was so cruel that the borrower could not pay the money to the wife or children of the moneylender. The incumbent could be used as a slave or sold in the market. Superstition: In the pre-Islamic era, the Arabs were obsessed with various superstitions due to ignorance. Before they work in the corner. | He used to worship gods and goddesses by shooting arrows. They also calculated fortunes by throwing arrows. | Kahin Community: The Arabic word kahin comes from the Hebrew word cohen. It means Priest; That is the priest. But

Predict the word Kahin. Tantra and sorcery in the simple people of the disintegrated Arab society. There was immense faith. Even after believing in fortune-telling through arrows, they believed in prophecy. Them. By capitalizing on such beliefs, a divine class was formed in the society. This divine class is called Kahin. Stories. They claimed that they could use invisible forces (jinn, demons) to bring back any kind of anger and happiness. Ordinary people also believed the stories. Because they are like magic. | He was skilled and was able to attract the lakes by reciting mantras in poetic verses. Provide predictions. The Kahin community was quite respected in the society for doing karat. Moral virtues: Pre-Islamic Arab society is full of many immoral and inhumane practices, but the Arabs. Sometimes moral qualities existed in some of them. Their character is characterized by great qualities like heroism, bravery, vigor, love for freedom, unhesitatingness, generosity, hospitality, brotherhood, etc. The example of unconditionally obeying the orders of the Ganapati and sacrificing one's life for one's own gait inspires many.


Idolatry or paganism

Social conditions in pre-Islamic Arabia

Immediately before the birth of the Prophet (pbuh), paganism took a terrible shape throughout Arabia. Hejaz and Najd were the heart of paganism. The people of Hejaz used to worship three stone idols named Lat, Ujja and Manat. Lat was the presiding deity of Taif; Uzzah was the goddess of the three-tree temple at Nakhla, and Manat was the goddess of fortune at Udadat, between Mecca and Medina. To the Arabs. These were known as the three daughters of God. Below are descriptions of some more deities

. Abel was the chief deity in the holy Kaaba of Mecca. It means ghost. Ibn Hisham said that Amr Ibn Luhai introduced paganism in the Arab world from Mesopotamia and placed the human-shaped idol of Abel in the Kaaba. Abel was the Gayatri deity of the Quraish. Besides, the names of some other deities mentioned in the Holy Quran are also found. Such as- Wad, Shua, Yagus, Yuk, Nasr etc. Kalub Gaetra used to worship the human-shaped deity 'Wad'. People. The people of Hamdan Gaetra used to worship the goddess Shuya. The Laikera of the Majid Gayatra worshiped the lion-shaped 'Yagus', the Laikera of the Murad Gayatra worshiped the horse-shaped 'Yuk' and the Laikera of the Himalayan Gayatra worshiped the idol of the vulture 'Nasr'. Jews: Many Palestinians sought refuge in northern Arabia when Palestine was destroyed and occupied by the Roman general Titus in 60 AD. Although the Jews believed in monotheism, they gradually became addicted to materialism. They are said to have worshiped the idol of Hazrat Ibrahim (AS) and a sheep. On the eve of the birth of the Prophet (peace be upon him), Gaeta colonies were established and dominated by Banu Nazir, Fida, Banu Quraiza, Banu Kainuka, etc., in Khyber of northern Arabia.


Christianity


According to the Holy Qur'an and other sources, Christianity was prevalent in pre-Islamic Arabia. Apart from southern Arabia, the influence of Christianity is widespread in the states of Ghassani and Lakhmid on the Syrian border in northern Arabia. They believed in the Trinity, or Trinity, or God, His Son Jesus, and Mother Mary. Obstacles to Islam's uncompromising monotheism (Tawhid). Hanif community: Even in the age of such religious ignorance, lawlessness and superstition, a class of people in ancient Arabia, especially in Medina, believed in monotheism. These are known as Hanif community. They opposed idolatry and lived a purely religious life. Basically, they are the one God proclaimed by Hazrat Ibrahim (AS) Was a follower of religion. Waraka-bin-Nawfel of Asad Gaetra of the Quraish dynasty, the poet Zuhair is a notable figure in this community.



Holy Kaaba

Holy Kaaba

Mecca has been very important since ancient times. It was also of great commercial importance because it was located between Mecca and Gaza. Hazrat Adam (AS) was the first to build the Kaaba in Mecca. Did. Hazrat Ibrahim (a.s.) and his son Hazrat Ismail (a.s.) repaired the Kaaba when the Kaaba was somewhat damaged in the Great Flood of the time of Hazrat Nuh (a.s.). At that time Hajj was performed around the Kaaba. Hatae. But due to the absence of the Prophet-Messenger for many days, the Arabs lost their way and there were 360 ​​in the Kaaba. By placing statues. Among these idols were the idols of Hazrat Isa (AS) and Hazrat Maryam. According to Ibn Hisham, "Amr Ibn Luhai was the first to import idols from Mesopotamia to Arab lands." Abel was the name of the most prominent idol in the Kaaba. The Kara is were in charge of the Kaaba. As a result, they considered themselves elite.


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