Conquest of Makkah and Peace Policy

Conquest of Makkah and Peace Policy

Conquest of Makkah and Peace Policy

Exactly eight years after Muhammad (peace be upon him) migrated from Mecca to Medina, exhausted by the oppression of the people of Makkah. Muhammad (peace be upon him) entered that city of Mecca in the guise of a conqueror. The generosity he displayed towards the enemy after his uninterrupted conquest of Mecca is rare in history. "Most truly has it been said that through all the annals of conquest, there has been no triumphant entry like unto this one." There is no comparison in the entire history of that victory (victory of Mecca). " Jet 900 PITT (The Causes of The Conquest of Makkah) Internal situation in Makkah: The Quraish were divided into two groups at the battle of Badr and under the leadership of Jahl and Abu Sufyan.

Becomes. Their nefarious interests and political disunity weaken the power of Mecca. In addition, according to Khalid bin Walid, Amr bin As and Osman bin Talhar, the heroes converted to Islam during the Hudaybiya Parbat.

Lets create the field of victory. 2. Establishment of alliance according to the treaty of Hudaybiyyah: According to the terms of the treaty of Hudaybiyyah,

(Sa.) and Banu Bakr Gaetra allied with the Quraish. Long between these two gaetras.

Hostility existed, which gained new momentum. 3. Opposition of Banu Bakr and Banu Kheja

When he was insulted, the people of Banu Khaeja Gaetra killed him. As a result, Nawfel bin Muawiyah is in hiding. With the help of the Quraish, Banu Khaeja attacked Gaetra. Even taking refuge in Harem Sharif, Banu Khaeja Gaetra was not spared from this attack. The terms of the treaty were violated when Safwan, Suhail and Ikrama, the signatories to the treaty of Hudaybiyyah, directly and openly aided Banu Bakr Gaetra. The Prophet (peace be upon him) became very upset On condition, Banu Khaeja promised to help Gaetra.

 Abolition of the Treaty of Habar: The Prophet (peace be upon him) made three proposals to the Quraish to avoid war. Sent peace envoys with letters. The proposals are as follows: লা Compensation should be given to the people of Banu Khaeja Gaetra who were killed unjustly. Or, that Banu Bakar Gaetra should refrain from providing all kinds of help. Or,

The terms of the treaty of Hudaybiyyah will be declared void. Hazrat's envoy returned from Makkah and reported that the Quraish had accepted the offer. As a result, Hudaira's outfit. Is canceled. The Prophet (peace be upon him) prepared for the expedition to Mecca to establish Islam firmly. In the meantime, realizing the divisions and inequalities in Makkah, Abu Sufyan himself went to Medina and offered peace, but the Prophet (peace be upon him) rejected it. Events of the Conquest of Makkah In this situation, the Prophet (peace be upon him) set out on a camp on the outskirts of Makkah with a large force of 10,000 troops on January 7, 630 AD (8th Hijri 10 Ramadan) for the conquest of Makkah. The Quraish did not dare to directly oppose this huge force. Quraish leader Abu Sufyan came to see the Muslim army with two followers and was taken prisoner by Hazrat Omar. When the Prophet (peace be upon him) forgave him, he accepted Islam. Then when the Prophet (peace be upon him) entered Makkah, Abu Sufyan welcomed him. Safwan, Ikrama and Suhail joined hands and proceeded to obstruct the Prophet (peace be upon him) along with the people of Makhjum Gaetra. On the way, Hazrat Abbas (ra) converted to Islam and went to Makkah to warn the Quraish.

Ancient Civilization :The Egyptian Civilization

Abu Sufyan also urged the Quraish to surrender

Keep urging for surrender. When Muslims begin to enter the city

Khalid removed these obstacles even though he blocked the gate. Although some Quraish led by Akrama scattered at the southern gate of Mecca, Khalid.

A) General apology to all in Makkah and said:

She is safe. (3) He who keeps himself confined in the house is also safe. (4) Those who are not afraid. (2) He who enters the Ka'bah is safe. (3) That own

They are also afraid. This general apology of the Prophet (peace be upon him) will enter the house of Abu Sufyan, one of the nobles. The Prophet (peace be upon him) is an unforgettable example. Hazrat Muhammad (PBUH) stayed in Makkah for 15/20 days. Significance and Importance of the Conquest of Makkah Bloodless Great Conquest: The conquest of Mecca is a unique example of bloodless conquest in the history of the world. Alexander.

The history of the bloodshed of innocent people who conquered the country by Julius Caesar and the Nepalese. But this bloodless, uninterrupted victory was the equivalent of bringing the entire Arabian Peninsula under Muslim rule. Historian Hiti says, "Hardly a triumphal entry in ancient annals is comparable to this." That is, "this is an unparalleled victory in ancient history." During the conquest of Mecca, Quraish chief Safwan, Ikrama ibn Abu Jahl and. Hazrat Furaj and Khunais (RA) were martyred on the shores of Suhail. To the Mujahideen

Thirteen Quraish were killed in the attack. So it can be said that this victory is bloodless. 2. End of Paganism and Victory of Truth: The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) prostrated in the Court of Allaah after entering Makkah

He thanked her. The statues around and inside the Kaaba were removed from the room. Inside the Kaaba. He entered and performed the prayers. He proclaimed the words of the Qur'an, "Truth has come, falsehood has departed, and destruction of falsehood is inevitable." Historian Balajuri said, "Truth has come, lies have been dispelled." 3. The Conquest of Generosity and Generosity

The victor set an unprecedented precedent by disguising himself and forgetting all the insults and injustices and forgiving everyone. Syed Amir Ali said, “In the moment of victory, Hazrat Muhammad (PBUH) forgot all the sufferings, forgave all the injuries and declared universal forgiveness to the people of Makkah. No house was looted. No woman should be insulted in any corner. "88

4. Political Significance: The military and political significance of the conquest of Mecca is immense. The Muslims as a result of the conquest of Mecca

Political power and prestige increased. The historian Nicholson said, "The surrender of the people of Makkah left no rival in the other corner of the Arabian Peninsula."

5. Rapid spread of Islam: After the conquest of Mecca, fascinated by the greatness and generosity of the Prophet (peace be upon him) in groups.

Pagans continue to accept Islam. The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) had the opportunity to preach Islam without hindrance. Historian Joseph Hale said, "In this way Muhammad (pbuh) reached the extreme limit of his hope. The superstitious Mecca was exposed in the midst of monotheism. Gaeta Arab countries came under the Islamic government of Medina. "

Expeditions after the conquest of Mecca

igns after the Conquest of Makkah Battle of Hunayun (January 31, 630 AD). The Battle of the Hunaun (January 31, 630 AD)

Ole Hawazin and Sakif Gaetra, two rebels against Islam, Banu Safiq, Banu Nasr, Banu Jusham and Ban Sa'ad Gaetra, three miles away from Mecca with 20,000 soldiers in support of some Bedouin Gaetra for paganism. The valley army gathers. In this situation, the Prophet (peace be upon him) with 12 thousand soldiers advanced to their Macabila. A.

The commander of the army was the Prophet (peace be upon him) himself and the commander of the pagans was Malik Ibn Awf. But as they were crossing a mountain pass in the Hunayun Valley, Bedouin soldiers hiding in a mountain cave suddenly threw their weapons at the Sudamans, and many Muslim soldiers fled wounded. In such a chaotic situation, when the troops returned at the call of the Prophet (peace be upon him), Khalid jumped into battle with the Muslim soldiers. The heroism of Hazrat Ali (RA) and Khalid and the skillful leadership of the Holy Prophet (SAW) led the Muslim forces to victory. In this battle 6,000 enemy soldiers were captured and 24,000 sheep, 26,000 camels, 41,000 ounces of silver and a large quantity of weapons and booty were seized by the Muslims. On the other hand, only 4-5 Muslim soldiers were martyred. The Conquest of Taif (630 AD). After being defeated in the battle of Hunayun, Hawazin and Sakif took refuge in the fortress of Taif and when they planned to launch another campaign against the Muslims, the Prophet (peace be upon him) sent a large force led by Abu Musa to Taif. Then Muhammad (peace be upon him) started his journey towards Taif. The Prophet (peace be upon him) still placed it near the fort of Taif. The people of Taif closed the gates of the fort in such a way that the Muslims could not enter. For 16 days the Muslim forces laid siege to the fort. Arrows are thrown from both sides. But no solution was reached. Hazrat Muhammad (PBUH) announced his release when any person came outside the fort. But no strategy works. Then the great prophet. (Sa.) lifted the barrier and pitched a tent at a place called Jirana. Here a group of representatives of Hawazin Gaetr met the Prophet (peace be upon him) and requested the release of the prisoners of war in Hunain. Set them free. He met the Hawazin leader Malik Ibn Awf Muhammad (peace be upon him) and converted to Islam. Thus one by one most of the people of Taif converted to Islam and Taif was conquered.

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