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Ancient Civilization :The Egyptian Civilization

Ancient Civilization: The Egyptian Civilization

Ancient Civilization :The Egyptian Civilization

The hostile environment of the Arabian Peninsula, the lack of food and drinking water, and the lack of a definite movement of foreign invaders. Residents have always been safe from hand. In the words of P. K. Hitti, "Little wonder then that the Arabian | has rarely bent his neck to a foreign yoke." The development of free thought among the Arabs due to geographical influence led to the development of poetry among them. Of poetry. Every star was overly attached. The poetry that Arab poets compose in a geographical environment is conflict, heroism.
Fear is related to adventure, love, and affection. There was not much enthusiasm and respect for the literary style and it was not influenced by the written and spoken language. "


Ancient Civilization


   Ancient Civilization :The Egyptian Civilization


The Egyptian Civilization Definition of 

Civilization: Islam is a religion and its followers are called. Muslim. The rise of Muslims as a nation is associated with civilization. So about the history and culture of Islam. Not to mention some ancient civilizations to get a better idea. Therefore, before reviewing the history of pre-Islamic Arabia and the history and culture of Islam, it is necessary to discuss the history of some of the related ancient civilizations. However, ancient civilizations will be discussed by introducing simple ideas about what civilization is. The English word for civilization is 'Civilization', which is derived from the Latin word 'Civitas'. It means city or citizen. Therefore, in general, it can be said that the way of life that a particular human group used to spend at a particular time, is called the civilization of that human group at that time. In other words, civilization is what people invent and use for better living in terms of time. For example, people used to use letters for communication but now they use mobile devices. Here the mobile device is the fruit of civilization. But we Bangladeshis exchange short Bangla messages through mobile devices, this is culture. That is, what people use when it comes to civilization and how people use the object of civilization when it comes to culture. After all, civilization and culture complement each other. In this case, some of the ancient civilizations related to the history and culture of the Arab nation are discussed.


Ancient civilization: The passage of modern man from the beginning of creation along the path of evolution. Since the history of human civilization. It is difficult to say for sure. However, the history of human civilization has made its debut through evolution. And has developed through ups and downs. As a result of the continuous efforts and actions of human beings, the world is different. Different civilizations have developed in the region. Due to natural environment and location differences, different regions are different. Improved lifestyle and thinking. As a result, different ideologies, political organizations, social customs and behaviors, traditions, and economic structures have emerged as the bearers of civilization in different regions. The first civilizations developed along the river's banks were the Nile River in Egypt, the Tigris and Euphrates rivers in Mesopotamia, the Indus in India, and the Hanghai and Yangxiang rivers in China. And it was there that the glorious urban civilization developed. Below is a brief description of some of the ancient civilizations


Ancient Egyptian civilization


Ancient Egyptian civilization

Egyptian civilization is one of the oldest civilizations in the history of the world. This civilization originated in the Nilanden Basin. According to archaeologists, the history of ancient Egypt began in the Neolithic period around 5,000 BC. Later, urban civilization took place. Agribusiness, the development of the arts; Talent is reflected in religious, cultural, and scientific fields. Egyptian civilization is even older than the Babylonian, Assyrian, Finnish, Hebrew, Mohenjo-Daro, and Harappan civilizations. These civilizations are indebted to Egyptian civilization. Greek and Roman civilizations, and even Western civilization in modern times, are influenced by Egyptian civilization. Ancient Greek historian of Egypt


As the saying goes: "I shall limit my remarks to a great length because there is no country possesses so many wonders nor any that has such a number of works which defy description."

Surprised by the geographical location of Egypt, Herardatus said, "Egypt is the gift of the Nile." Because every year from June to October both banks of the Nile are flooded. Both arrows are filled with silt up to 800 miles in length and up to 10 miles in width. The silt accumulated is fertile. The land is rich in crops and Egypt is a prosperous country. Turned. It is bounded on the north by the Mediterranean Sea and on the south by what is now Sudan. It is bounded on the east by the Lehit Sea and on the west by present-day Libya. This country in northern Africa is geographically divided into two parts - southern or | Upper Egypt and Lower Egypt. Asia,
Europe and Africa - surrounded by three continents The geographical location of Egypt is very important because of its location on the Mediterranean coast.


The people of Egypt can be divided into several classes based on occupation. Such as the royal family, priests, aristocracy, scribes, merchants, artists, peasants, and landlords. Egypt's economy was largely dependent on agriculture. Notable among the crops produced were wheat, barley, cotton, onion, peach. Etc. Egypt was also a pioneer in trade and commerce. Wheat, linen cloth, and earthenware produced in Egypt are exported to Crete, Phenicia, Palestine, and Syria. The Egyptians imported gold, silver, ivory, wood, etc. from different countries. The political history of Egypt.
The political history of this civilization was established by the European Libyan, Asian Semitic, and African Nubian kings. Prosperous. The political times of ancient Egypt can be divided into several parts.

1. Pre-Dynastic Era (5000 BC to 3200 BC). 

2. Age of Ancient Dynasties (3200 BC to 2132 BC): 1st to 10th Dynasty 

3. Age of Middle Dynasty (2132 BC to 1583 BC): 11th to 16th Dynasty) The era of the New Dynasty (1563 BC to 332 BC): 17th to 31st Dynasty

1. Pre-R At the beginning of the Dynasty, Egypt was divided into many (about 40) names or cities. At this time. Although there was a school confederation for economic purposes, the city-states were not united. According to ancient Egyptian literature, in 4300 BC, a heroic warrior named ‘Namar’ from Lower Egypt was born in Upper Egypt. Neem united Egypt politically for the first time. He was the first Pharaoh of Egypt. Ruler. The Egyptian rulers were called Pharaohs. In the Holy Qur'an, he is called Pharaoh. Pharaoh was the title of a king who lived in a very powerful and huge palace. The word pharaoh is Egyptian. It comes from the word ‘Per-O’, which means ‘big house’. United Egypt lasted 600 long years.

Then the division begins again. 1. In 3200 BC, Menes, the leader of Upper Egypt, led a political movement in northern and southern Egypt.
Administratively consolidated. Since he founded the dynasty in Egypt, he is said to have been the founder of the first Egyptian dynasty. At that time the capital of Egypt was Thinis. The famous pyramids were built during the 3rd and 4th dynasties. The famous pharaohs of the ancient dynasty are Khufu, Senfu, Kafra, Menkaua, 1st Pepi, 
2nd Pepi, etc. 
According to the classified dynasties of the historian Manithaei, this period lasted until the 10th dynasty. Towards the end of this era, 200 years (2300-2100 BC) is called. Feudal era or era of anarchy. Because at that time constant quarrels and anarchy were the main features of the names.

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