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The emigrants brotherhood Establishment of discipline in Medina

The emigrants brotherhood Establishment of discipline in Medina

The emigrants brotherhood Establishment of discipline in Medina

The emigrants who were bound by the brotherhood of the people of Madinah, who were instructed to divide their property and their ancestral property equally, were called 'helpers'. Nowhere in the history of the world has such self-sacrifice been seen towards the religious brothers.

Construction of mosque: Purchase of a piece of land of two orphan boys named Sahal and Suhail of Banu Najjar Gaetr of Mahanabi (sa). He built a mosque. The walls of the mosque were made of bricks and mud and a canopy of palm leaves. Was done. This is Masjidunnabi or the Prophet's Mosque. Sitting here he did all the religious and state work. The residence of his family was built next to this mosque.


It gained new life due to mutual selfishness and conspiracy

The emigrants brotherhood Establishment of discipline in Medina

Establishment of discipline in Medina: The social and political condition of Medina was extremely deplorable. At that time two Gaus named Aus and Khajraj were engaged in conflict with each other. Apart from this, a chaotic situation prevailed in Medina due to the mutual selfishness and conspiracy of the three branches of the Jews named Ban Kainuka, Banu Nazir and Banu Qurayza. Inspired by the ideals of equality and brotherhood under the leadership of the Prophet (peace be upon him), they gained new life and peace in Medina. Is established. Preparation of the Medina Charter: The Prophet (peace be upon him) left his beloved homeland of Mecca and established the Islamic Republic after his migration to Medina. He prepared a charter for this state. Introduction to the Medina Charter: After the migration to Medina in 622 AD, the Prophet (peace be upon him) thought of the unity of Medina and formulated the constitution for the pagans, Jews, Christians and Muslims living there. ; In short, the constitution of Medina or the Medina Charter. M Watt calls it the ‘Constitution of Medina. Section of the Medina Charter According to Ibn Hisham's book 'Sirate Ibn Hisham', there are 46 sections of the Medina Charter. However, Ibn Ishaq mentions 53 verses in his book Sirat-e Rasoolullah. Important Clauses of the Charter In the name of God, Most Gracious, Most Merciful. This is one issued by the Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him)

Written decree. The Quraish, the believers of Yathrib, the Muslims and those who follow them

Will be and will participate in jihad with them. 2. Jews, Christians, pagans, and Muslims signing the Medina Charter violate equal civil rights in the state of Medina.

Will form a nation (ummah). 3. According to the charter, the Prophet (peace be upon him) was the head of state of the state of Medina and the head of the Supreme Court of Medina. Will beThat freedom will be maintained. Muslim and non-Muslim communities practice their respective religions without hesitation

Full religious freedom will be maintained in Medina. Muslims

When. No one can interfere in anyone's religion. 5. Someone make some kind of treaty with the Quraish

Can't make any kind of treaty with them; Nor will he be able to help the Quraish by conspiring against the people of Medina.

When an external enemy attacks a community in any corner, it is with the collective strength of all communities. You have to deal with the external enemy. The signatory communities will bear the cost of their own war in the face of external enemy attacks. If a person commits a crime in the corner of the community signing the charter, it is expressed

If a person commits a crime in any corner of the community, it will be considered as a personal crime. For this. The criminal community should not be blamed. 9. The city of Medina is declared sacred, and there is bloodshed, murder, violence, and crime

The activity is banned forever. 10. The perpetrator must be punished appropriately and all sinners must be looked upon with hatred. 11. Allies of the Jews will enjoy equal security and freedom. 12. Will always help and protect the weak and helpless. 13. The people of Madinah will not be able to declare war on anyone without the prior permission of Hazrat (sa). 14. If there is any contradiction in the signatory community, it is according to the law of Hazrat Muhammad (PBUH).

Resolve. 15. God's curse will fall on those who break the terms of the sand. 16 | If there is any contradiction in any of the signatory community, Hazrat Muhammad (PBUH) himself is the command of Allah. Resolve it accordingly.

Battle of Uhud (March 21, 625 AD)


United Nations; Charter of Humanity or Geneva

The emigrants brotherhood Establishment of discipline in Medina

Importance of the Medina Charter The importance of the Medina Charter in the history of Islam is the 'League of Nations' or 'United Nations'; Licking. Was even more important and far-reaching than the Convention. 1. The first written constitution. Legislation has already been enacted anywhere in the world word of mouth was the law. The Medina Charter is the first Lee in the history of the world.

"It was the first written constitution in the world," he said. Modern historians

He called it the "Magna Carta of Arabia" and called it the "Constitution."

Sovereignty is recognized. the state is governed and isolated through winter. P. K. Hitti said, "Out of the religious community of Al-medin:

Establishes sati. ” Islam arose. "That is to say, the Republic of Medina is the subsequent establishment of unity among the people of the Islamic Empire in Medina: the charter is the result of war-torn Arabs. This s

It elevates a city to the status of a state. " 

4. Gaining religious freedom: Muslims and non-Muslims are fully encouraged through the Medina Charter. In Medina, people from different communities will not be able to interfere in each other's religions

The religious tolerance shown by the Prophet (peace be upon him) is really rare in history.

And there was no rule of law. Of the rulers

Son. Historian Hittite historians have dubbed it "The First Written Pinakata".

The foundation of the Islamic State was laid. Through Allah

The community of Al-medina the later and larger state of management and sowing the seeds of Islamic democracy

Peace and order returned to the war-torn Arabs. For self-sacrifice at once. This certificate was a fantasy in the nation. "This constitution is anarchic," he said


The dhyam ensures full religious freedom of Muslims and non-Muslims.


5. Security for the people of Medina. Through the Medina Charter, the Prophet (peace be upon him) of all the communities living in Medina

Ensures safety of life and property. Since there are clear restrictions on war in this charter, the war-weary infidels are at war. Refrains from As a result security is established in public life. Stable constitution. During the lifetime of the Prophet (peace be upon him) Islam spread throughout Arabia. As a result, the state of Medina. Turned into a huge empire. This certificate is now able to meet the exact requirements according to the situation.

Is. Dr. According to Hamidullah, "this constitution was very stable." 

Islamic Democracy: Through the Medina Charter, tribalism is abolished and the Islamic Brotherhood is united.

The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) was entrusted with the responsibility of governing society and religion. Authoritarian rule or.

Islamic republics were formed on the basis of God's sovereignty instead of secularism.

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The excellence of the Prophet (peace be upon him): The superiority of the Prophet (peace be upon him) can be identified through the Medina Charter. A.

Through the Sanad he strengthened his hand against the Quraish


Propagation of Islam: He was able to spread the message of Islam in and around Medina, which made Islam international

Enters the sphere. 


10. Everyone is equal in the eyes of the law: rules and laws apply equally to all. Rulers and subjects in the eyes of the law.

Both are equal. The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) himself strictly obeyed the laws of the state and the commandments of Allaah. He told everyone to follow the law. 


11. Warning for justice and warning against injustice: The Prophet (peace be upon him) gave justice to the people of Medina through the Medina Charter

Call for action. At the same time, he warns them against injustice. In this charter, it is said that the wrongdoer will not be exempted regardless of his religion caste or clan Made a clear statement. 


12. The Political Wisdom of the Prophet (peace be upon him): The Prophet (peace be upon him) is not just a preacher, but one of the world

This document proves that he was the best politician, diplomat, and revolutionary great man. Historical through 57 7679, "The Prophet His real greatness, a master-mind not only his own age but of all ages." That is to say, "The great personality and wonderful thinking of Hazrat Muhammad (PBUH) are indicative of excellence not only after the age of Takalin but for the great man of all ages and times."


Battle of Badr (March 16, 624 AD)

The emigrants brotherhood Establishment of discipline in Medina

The Battle of Badar: 17 March, 624 AD With the establishment and progress of the Islamic State in Madinah, the spread of Islam and the rise of the Prophet (pbuh) caused great dissatisfaction and resentment among the Quraish of Makkah. At the same time, their enmity with the Muslims and the people of Medina increased. As a result, the battle between the Quraish and the Muslims of Medina took place in the desert of Badr in 624 AD. Either it is known in the history of Islam as 'Gajware Badr' or the Battle of Badr. The defeat of the Quraish in this war marked the beginning of a new chapter in the life of Islam and Muslims.


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